Editors Reviewers

EDITORS-IN-CHIEF

Nader Rifai, PhD
Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School
Louis Joseph Gay-Lussac Chair in Laboratory Medicine
Director of Clinical Chemistry, Boston Children’s Hospital
Boston, MA, USA
Christina Ellervik, MD, PhD, DMSci
Assistant Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School
Associate Director of Clinical Chemistry, Boston Children’s Hospital
Boston, MA, USA
Associate Professor of Clinical Chemistry, University of Copenhagen
Copenhagen, Denmark

Editors

General Lab Medicine
Christina Ellervik, MD, PhD, DMSci
Danyel Tacker, PhD, DABCC, FAACC

Clinical Chemistry
Christina Ellervik, MD, PhD, DMSci
Danyel Tacker, PhD, DABCC, FAACC

Laboratory Genomics
Linnea Baudhuin, PhD, FACMG
Christina Lockwood, PhD, DABCC, DABMGG
Heather M. Mason-Suares, PhD, FACMG

Microbiology
Blake Buchan, PhD
Derrick Chen, MD
Ingibjorg Hilmarsdottir, MD

Transfusion Medicine
Kerry O’Brien, MD
Edward Yoon, MD

Hematology & Coagulation
Stephanie Mathews, MD
Kristian Schafernak, MD

Clinical Immunology
Melissa Snyder. PhD

Previous Editors
Romney Humphries, PhD, DABMM (Microbiology)
Karen Quillen, MD, MPH (Transfusion Medicine)
Nicole V. Tolan, PhD, DABCC (Clinical Chemistry)
Jude M. Abadie, PhD, DABCC, FAACC (Clinical Chemistry)

AACC Liaison
Dennis Harris

NEJM Group Liaison
Michelle Hache

Area9 Liaison
Hayat Feghaly

GENERAL LABORATORY MEDICINE AUTHORS

R. Neill Carey, PhD, FACB
Retired Member, AACC,Emeritus
Salisbury, MD, USA
Steven Cotten, PhD, DABCC
Assistant Professor in Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Allan C Deacon BSc, PhD, FRCPath
Consultant Clinical Scientist (Retired)
Bedford Hospital
Bedford UK
Carl C. Garber, PhD, FACB
AACC member, emeritus
Lititz, PA
Joshua Hayden, PhD, DABCC, FACB
Chief of Chemistry
Norton Healthcare
Louisville, KY USA
Shannon Haymond, PhD
Director Clinical and Mass Spectrometry Laboratories
Northwestern University
Chicago, IL, USA
David Koch, PhD, DABCC, FAACC
Professor of Pathology
Emory University
Atlanta, GA, USA
Stephen R. Master, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, PA, USA
Laura Parnas, PhD, DABCC, FAACC
Sr. Scientific Affairs Manager, Non-Cardiac
Roche Diagnostics
Livermore, CA, USA
Tahir Pillay, MBChB, PhD, FRCPath, FCPath
Professor
University of Pretoria
Ed Randell, PhD (Memorial), DCC, FCACB
Professor of Laboratory Medicine
Eastern Health
Canada
Ana-Maria Simundic, PhD, EuSpLM
Professor in Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine
Director of Department of Medical Laboratory Diagnostics
University hospital Sveti Duh
Zagreb, Croatia
Ping Wang, PhD, DABCC, FAACC
Director of Clinical Chemistry and Core Laboratory
Hospital of University of Pennsylvania
Associate Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA

Sedef Yenice, PhD
Professor of Biochemistry and Clinical Laboratory Medicine
Group Florence Nightingale Hospitals Limited

CLINICAL CHEMISTRY AUTHORS

Alicia Algeciras-Schimnich, PhD, DABCC, FACB
Professor of Laboratory Medicine & Pathology Consultant
Division of Clinical Biochemistry & Immunology
Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathology Mayo Clinic
Rochester, NY, USA
David Alter, MD, DABCC
Clinical Professor of Pathology MSU-CHM
Clinical/Chemical Pathologist
Spectrum Health Regional Laboratory
Grand Rapids, MI, USA
Jude M. Abadie, PhD, DABCC(C&T), FACB
Chief and Director
Core Laboratory, Reference and Special High Complexity
Testing Laboratories
Toxicology Laboratory, and ED-Laboratory Chief,
Molecular Diagnostics Brooke Army Medical Center,
San Antonio TX, USA
Lindsay A.L. Bazydlo, PhD, DABCC
Assistant Clinical Professor of Pathology, Associate Director of Clinical Chemistry University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA, USA
Roger L. Bertholf, PhD
Professor of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Weill Cornell Medicine
Medical Director of Clinical Chemistry
Houston Methodist Hospital
Houston, TX, USA
Darci R. Block, PhD, DABCC
Consultant Mayo Clinic
Rochester, MN, USA
Lynn A. Brunelle, Ph.D., DABCC, FACB
Laboratory Director
Mayo Medical Laboratories New England
Andover, MA
Sean T. Campbell, Ph.D
Clinical Instructor, Albert Einstein College of Medicine Assistant Director of Hematology and Coagulation Laboratories, Montefiore Medical Center Bronx, NY, USA
Jessica M Colón-Franco, PhD, DABCC
Head of Clinical Biochemistry
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, OH, USA
Joe M. El-Khoury, PhD, DABCC, FAACC
Co-Director, Clinical Chemistry
Yale-New Haven Hospital
Assistant Professor of Laboratory Medicine
Yale University
New Haven, CT, USA
David S. Hage, PhD
Hewett University Professor
Chemistry Department
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Lincoln, NE, USA
Roa Harb, MD
Director, Clinical Chemistry Laboratory
Yale New Haven Hospital
New Haven, CT, USA
Paul Jannetto, PhD, DABCC, FAACC, M.T (ASCP)
Metals Laboratory Director
Clinical and Forensic Toxicology Laboratory Director
Clinical Mass Spectrometry Laboratory Director
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, MN, USA
Paul Johnson, PhD, MBA, DABCC
Associate Professor
Department of Clinical Laboratory Science
SUNY Upstate Medical University
Syracuse, NY, USA
Erin Kaleta, PhD, DABCC
Assistant Director
Clinical Chemistry Director
Infectious Disease Serology and Urinalysis
Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathology
Mayo Clinic
Scottsdale, AZ, USA
Geralyn Lambert-Messerlian, PhD, FAACC
Professor, Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Obstetrics and Gynecology Alpert Medical School at Brown University Laboratory Director, Division of Medical Screening and Special Testing Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island
Providence, RI, USA
Mark Albert Marzinke, PhD, DABCC, FAACC
Associate Professor, Departments of Pathology and Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Director, Preanalytics and General Chemistry, Johns Hopkins Hospital
Director, Clinical Pharmacology Analytical Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, MD, USA

Christopher McCudden, PhD, DABCC, NRCC, FAACC

Assistant Professor
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
University of Ottawa
Ottawa, Canada
Robert Nerenz, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, NH, USA
Jason Y. Park, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Pathology
Eugene McDermott Center for Human Growth and Development
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, TX, USA
Khusbu Patel, PhD, DABCC, FAACC
Assistant Professor of Pathology
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Associate Director, Chemistry & Metabolics
Children's Medical Center
Dallas, TX, USA
Roy Peake, PhD
Instructor in Pathology
Harvard Medical School
Associate Director of Clinical Chemistry
Boston Children’s Hospital
Boston, MA, USA
Rav Sodi, PhD, CSci, EuSpLM, FRCPath
Honorary Lecturer, Lancaster Medical School
University of Lancaster
Consultant Clinical Biochemist and Head of Department
Royal Lancaster Infirmary and Furness
General Hospital, UHMBT, Lancaster
Lancaster, UK
Christine Snozek, PhD, DABCC, FAACC
Assistant Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
Director of Chemistry
Co-director of Point-of-care Testing and Support Services
Mayo Clinic
Scottsdale, AZ, USA
Brenda Suh-Lailam, PhD, DABCC, FAACC
Assistant Professor of Pathology
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Director of Clinical Chemistry and Point-of-Care Testing, Quality, Department of Pathology
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Chicago, IL, USA

Danyel Tacker, PhD, DABCC, FAACC
Associate Professor and Director of Clinical Chemistry
West Virginia University Health Science Center and Hospital
Morgantown, WV, USA
Nicole V. Tolan, PhD, DABCC
Associate Medical Director, Clinical Chemistry
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Assistant professor in Pathology, Harvard Medical School
Boston, MA
William E. Winter, MD
Professor, Departments of Pathology, Immunology & Laboratory Medicine, Pediatrics, and Molecular Genetics & Microbiology
Director, University of Florida Health Pathology Laboratories Endocrine Autoantibody Laboratory
Jacksonville, Florida, USA

LABORATORY GENOMICS AUTHORS

Jude M. Abadie, PhD, DABCC(C&T), FACB
Chief and Director
Core Laboratory, Reference and Special High Complexity Testing Laboratories
Toxicology Laboratory, and ED-Laboratory
Chief, Molecular Diagnostics
Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio TX, USA
Linnea Baudhuin, PhD, FACMG
Associate Professor of Laboratory Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, MN, USA
Christine Chung, MD
Post-doctoral Fellow
Center for Applied Genomics
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, PA, USA
Anne B.S. Giersch, PhD, FACMG
Assistant Professor of Pathology,
Harvard Medical School
Associate Director of Cytogenetics,
Center for Advanced Molecular Diagnostics,
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Boston, MA, USA
Ashley Hagiya, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Pathology, USC Keck School of Medicine
Co-Director Flow Cytometry Section, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, CA, USA
Katrina Kotzer, MS, CGC
Instructor in Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Rochester, MN USA
Christina Lockwood, PhD, DABCC, DABMGG
Associate Professor, Department of Laboratory Medicine
Associate Director, Genetics and Solid Tumor Diagnostics Laboratory
Seattle, WA, USA
Eric Loo, MD
Assistant Professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, NH, USA
Amali Mallawaarachchi, MBBS FRACP PhD
Staff Specialist, Clinical Geneticist and Nephrologist Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Senior Researcher Division of Genomics and Epigenetics, Garvan Institute of Medical Research
Sydney, NSW, Australia
Heather Mason-Suares, PhD, FACMG
Assistant Professor of Pathology,
Harvard Medical School
Associate Director of Cytogenetics,
Center for Advanced Molecular Diagnostics,
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Boston, MA, USA
Hugh McCarthy, BSc MBBS PhD FRACP
Staff Specialist, Department of Nephrology Sydney Children’s Hospital Network Clinical Lead Paediatric Renal Genetic Service
Sydney, NSW, Australia
John Mills, PhD
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Rochester, MN USA
Ann Moyer, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
Co-Director, Personalized Genomics Laboratory
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, MN, USA
Avni Santani, PhD, FACMG
Associate Professor of Clinical Pathology
Perelman School of Medicine,
University of Pennsylvania
Director - Clinical Laboratories, Strategic Partnerships and Innovation
Center for Applied Genomics
Director – Division of Genomic Diagnostics
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, PA, USA

Christine Schmotzer, MD
Assistant Professor of Pathology
Case Western Reserve University
Associate Division Chief, Clinical Pathology
Director of Clinical Chemistry, Immunology, and Point of Care Testing
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
Cleveland, OH, USA
Hoi-Ying (Elsie) Yu, PhD, DABCC, FAACC
System Director
Chemistry, Toxicology and Point-of-Care Testing
Danville, PA, USA

CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY AUTHORS

Edward P.C. Ager, PhD, D(ABMM)
LTC MS Deputy Chief Dept Of Clinical Investigation Brooke Army Medical Center JBSA,
Ft Sam Houston TX 
Neil Anderson, MD, ABP-MM, D(ABMM)
Associate Professor Department of Pathology and Immunology Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis, MO, USA
Lena Rós Ásmundsdóttir, MD, PhD, FRCPath
Consultant Microbiologist, Landspitali University Hospital, Department of Clinical Microbiology Adjunct Lecturer, University of Iceland, Faculty of Medicine
Reykjavik, Iceland
Esther Babady, PhD, D(ABMM), FIDSA
Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Director, Clinical Microbiology Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, USA
Blake W. Buchan, PhD, D(ABMM)
Associate Professor, Dept. of Pathology
Medical College of Wisconsin
Associate Director, Clinical Microbiology
Wisconsin Diagnostic Laboratories
Milwaukee, WI, USA
Derrick Chen, MD
Assistant Professor and Medical Director of Clinical Microbiology
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics
Madison, WI, USA
Marc Roger Couturier, Ph.D., D(ABMM)
Associate Professor of Pathology
University of Utah
Medical Director
ARUP Laboratories
Salt Lake City, UT, USA
Chris Farnsworth, PhD
Assistant Professor Department of Pathology and Immunology Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis, MO, USA
Ingibjörg Hilmarsdottir, MD
Assistant Professor
Faculty of Medicine
University of Iceland
Consultant Microbiologist
Department of Microbiology
Landspitali-University Hospital of Iceland
Reykjavik, Iceland

Giuseppe Lippi, MD
Full Professor of Clinical Biochemistry,
University of Verona
Director, Service of Laboratory Medicine,
University Hospital of Verona
Verona, Italy
Blaine Mathison, BS, M(ASCP)
ARUP Institute for Clinical and Experimental Pathology
ARUP Laboratories
Salt Lake City, UT, USA
Bobbi S. Pritt, MD, MSc, DTMH, FCAP
Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology;
Chair of Clinical Microbiology Director of Clinical Parasitology,
Mayo Clinic, Minnesota, USA

HEMATOLOGY AND COAGULATION AUTHORS

Aasne Karine Aarsand, MD, PhD
Director Norwegian Porphyria Centre, Haukeland University Hospital,
Bergen, Norway
Catalina Amador, MD
Associate Professor of Pathology Department of Pathology and Microbiology University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, NE, USA
Fiona Craig, MD
Professor Laboratory Medicine & Pathology
Division Hematopathology
Department Laboratory Medicine & Pathology
Mayo Clinic Arizona,
Phoenix, AZ, USA

Christina Ellervik, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School Associate Director of Clinical Chemistry, Boston Children’s Hospital
Boston, MA, USA
Associate Professor of Clinical Chemistry
University of Copenhagen
Copenhagen, Denmark
Jonathan Galeotti, MD, MS
Associate Professor, University of North Carolina
Division of Hematopathology, UNC Hospitals
Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Ann Helen Kristoffersen, MD, PhD
Haukeland University Hospital
Bergen, Norway
Giuseppe Lippi, MD
Full Professor of Clinical Biochemistry,
University of Verona
Director, Service of Laboratory Medicine,
University Hospital of Verona
Verona, Italy

Stephanie Mathews, MD
Assistant Professor, Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Dr Kristian T. Schafernak, MD
Associate Professor, Child Health, Division of Pathology Associate Professor, Pathology Phoenix Children's Hospital
Phoenix, AZ, USA
Ji Yuan, MD, PhD
Associate Professor Senior Associate Consultant Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology Mayo Clinic
Rochester, MN, USA

TRANSFUSION MEDICINE AUTHORS

Alex Carterson, MD, PhD
Global Medical Director
Abbott Transfusion Medicine
Abbott Park, IL, USA
Kerry O'Brien, MD
Assistant Professor of Pathology
Harvard Medical School
Cambridge, MA, USA
Medical Director Blood Bank and Clinical Pathology Residency Program Director
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, MA, USA
Karen Quillen, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine and Laboratory Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Boston, MA, USA
Edward Yoon, MD
Assistant Professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Lewis Katz School of Medicine
Associate Director - Blood Bank/Transfusion Medicine
Temple University Hospital
Philadelphia, PA, USA

CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY AUTHORS

Lusia Sepiashvili, PhD, DABCC
Assistant Professor
University of Toronto
The Hospital for Sick Children
Toronto, ON

Melissa R. Snyder, PhD
Association Professor, Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, MN, USA

REVIEWERS & BETA TESTERS

Bilal Abid
Roshini Abraham
Ayodele Adelanwa
Thomas Adams
Jose Aguirre
Gabriella Allegri-Machado
Tom Alexander
Alicia Algeciras-Schimnich
Walla Al-Hertani
Naif Almontashiri
Neil Anderson
Matthew Auten
Le Aye
Dan Babu
Mike Badminton
Burak Bahar
Joshua Baker
Alexis A. Beauvais
Anders Berg
Marc Berg
Lori Bourassa
Alexandra Bryson
Toni Ann Buchanan
Didem Demirbas Cakici
Janne Cadamuro
Jeffrey Cannatella
Graham Carter
Rossa Chiu
Paul A. Christensen
David Colantonio
Jennifer Colby
Meaghan Colling
Lauren Ann Cooper
Erin Conboy
Jensyn Cone
Steven Cotten
Ezekial Cain
Patrick Cresencian Mathias
Bridgit Crews
Andrew Davison
Lawrence De Koning
Sarah Delaney
Jane Dickerson
Anh Dinh
Krishna Vanaja Donkena
Sarah Drawz
Robert Dufour
Lora Dukic
Ashley Eckel
Matthew Faron
Susan Farrell
Sheng Feng
Martin Fleisher
Chris Florkowski
Ithiel Frame
Joel France
Leifur Franzson
Deborah French
Anna Fuezery
Kornelia Galior
Reyhan Gedik
Jonathan Genzen
Anne Giersch
Morayma Reyes Gil
Thomas Gniadek
Mark Gonzalez
Russ Grant
Stephen Grinnell
Alexander Gross
Helen Groves
Ferry Hagen
Najia Hammououali
Ole-Petter Riksfjord Hamnvik
Charles Hawker
Shannon Haymond
Phillip Heaton
Nicholas Heger
Paul Henning
Christopher Hergott
Victoria Higgins
Talal Hilal
Andrew Hoofnagle
Vanessa Horner
Gary Horowitz
Rongrong Huang
Clay Huddleston
Jeffrey Jacobsen
Petr Jarolim
Nimesh Jayasuria
Sophonie Jean
Kendal J. Jensen
Zhicheng Jin
Graham Jones
Niklas Rye Jørgensen
Sarah Jung
Justin Juskewitch
Jørgen K Kanters
Matthew Karafin
Yachana Kataria
Staci Keene
Temitope Kehinde
Mark Kellogg
Tara Kelly
Emma Kelso
Aaruni Khanolkar
Michelle Khieu
Christopher Klein
Clarie Knezevic
Krisztian Kovacs
Larry Kricka
Mar Kristjansson
Amy Kritzer
Mackenzie Kuklinski
Regina Kwon
William Lainhart
Felix Leung
Giuseppe Lippi
Yevgeniy Linnik
Shawn Lockhart
Stanley Lo
Eric Loo
Kyle Lund
Steven D. Mahlen
Rachel Mariani
Deborah Marsden
Stephen Master
Gautam Maulik
Michael Mbughuni
Andrew McFaddin
Kelsey McIntyre
Nathan McLamb
Jeffrey Meeusen
Greg Miller
Jessica Miller
John Mills
Michael Milone
Ann Misch
Rehab Mohamed
Ann Moyer
Vijayalakshmi Nandakumar
Kayla Neitzel
Matthew Nichols
Zhiyv (Neal) Niu
Andrew Norgan
Riley A. O'Hara
Michelle Parker
Bryce Pasko
Roy Peake
Irina Perjar
Glenn Palomaki
Diane Panizza
William Phipps
Orah Platt
Jennifer Powers
Ion Prisneac
Bobbi Pritt
Adam Ptolemy
Vanja Radisic
Saran Raju
Jane Rand
Brian Rappold
Ryan F. Relich
Renate Renstrom
James Ritchie
Lance Rodan
Paige Rohloff
Steve Roper
Ross Rowsey
Janne Rand
Bentley B. Rodrigue
Andres E. Mindiola Romero
Stephen Roper
Emily Ryan
Laura M. Sack
David Sacks
Hasan Samra
Kwabena Sarpong
Kristian Schafernak
Ganna Shestakova
Roberto Silvaaguiar
Melissa Snyder
Lori Sokoll
Samuel C. Sponaugle
Martha Stackhouse
Kim Starr
Jasmine A. Steele
Frederick Strathmann
Jeremiah Stromich
Catherine Sturgeon
Randi Sullivan
Qian Sun
Jill Tate
Stefani Thomas
Jessica Tomsula
Christina Austin Tse
Katie Turner
Anna S. Thorisdottir
Katherine Turner
Hana Klassen Vakili
Ana Isabel Gómez Velázquez
Jorild Haugen Villanger
Ping Wang
Jessica Warren
Joesph Wiencek
Clayton Wilbern
William Winter
Leora Witkowski
Carl Wittwer
Lindsay Wright
Stephanie Wright
Xin Yi
Kang Xiong-Hang
Barbara Zehnbauer
Yan Zheng